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OsFLZ2 interacts with OsMADS51 to fine-tune rice flowering time

发布时间:2022/12/22来源:澳门永利皇宫官方网网址

Yamei Ma, Jingfang Dong, Wu Yang, Luo Chen, WeiWu, Wenhui Li, Lian Zhou, Jian Wang, Jiansong Chen, Tifeng Yang, Shaohong Zhang, Junliang Zhao* and Bin Liu*

Development
Abstract

Flowering time is an important agronomic trait affecting crop yield. FCS-LIKE ZINC FINGER (FLZ) proteins are plant-specific regulatory proteins that are involved in multiple biological processes. However, their roles in plant flowering time control have not been clarified. Here, we report that OsFLZ2 is a negative regulator of rice flowering time. OsFLZ2 delays flowering by repressing the expression of key floral integrator genes. Biochemical assays showed OsFLZ2 physically interacts with OsMADS51, a flowering activator under short-day (SD) conditions. Both OsFLZ2 and OsMADS51 are highly expressed in rice leaves before floral transition under natural SD conditions, and their proteins are colocalized in the nucleus. Co-expression of OsFLZ2 can destabilize OsMADS51 and weaken its transcriptional activation of the downstream target gene Early heading date 1 (Ehd1). Taken together, these results indicate that OsFLZ2 can interfere with the function of OsMADS51 to fine-tune rice flowering time.

Keywords:Flowering time, FLZ, OsMADS51, Ehd1, Rice


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